In this article, I’ll demonstrate how to record on cassette tapes ?. If you’re an artist who wants to distribute music on cassette tapes, you’ll discover that there are various potential perks.

You may even use a computer DAW to create your cassettes for distribution. Here are some of the steps to start with. Check them out!

How To Record On Cassette Tapes?

A simple audio connection from one device to a tape deck is required to record a cassette tape. You must follow a set of actions to get the desired outcomes.

Having A Suitable Tape

We think the best tapes to use while recording music are blank tapes. People can buy them in bulk online or at outlets like hardware or charity shops.

Cassette tapes come in four different varieties as follows:

  • Type I: Commonly known as ferric tapes, Type I, typical bias, or ferric oxide magnetic cassette.
  • Type II: The type II is also known as chrome cassettes. People use chromium dioxide to construct them.

The type II audio cassette tapes, such as the TDK SA 90, sound better overall and record higher frequencies than Type I recordings.

  • Type III: These tapes combined the Type I and II formulations to create the ultimate records. It fuses the highs and the bass sensitivity of type I and type 2 that was not well received and are now typically scarce.
  • Type IV: Also referred to as metal cassettes, they lacked oxide particles in favor of a direct metal composition. The audio quality is far the nicest, but they are costlier than Type I or II.

Preparing The Tools

Whenever you want to make a process, you will need a lot of types of equipment.

This truth also works the same with recording on cassette tape. The following devices are necessary for recording purposes:

  • Tape player.
  • Playback receiver with speakers.
  • Recording device.
  • RCA audio cables.
  • Strip cord for power.

Remarkably, some receivers have AC electrical outlets in the rear. As you may know, you can utilize these outlets to energize your audio equipment.

Everything functions as it should with the turntable and tape deck plugged in.

Setting Up

As you set up your equipment, such as the deck and receiver, double-check that they provide power to each piece.

You have to connect the “playback” or “out” outputs on the tape deck to one of the “in” terminals on the receiver using the RCA wires.

The receiver-connected speakers will now receive sound from the deck through this method. The users can use an iPod or CD player with the appropriate cables to test this installation.

Then, connect your chosen equipment to the tape deck’s “record” terminal. If your receiver includes an “out” port for recording using tape decks, use RCA cables to connect it to the cassette player.

Ensure that you connect your receiver’s specified speaker ports to your speakers.

Tape Bias

cassette tapes

After you finish the setup process, the next factor you should care about is bias.

It alters the way the sound is transferred to the tape. An audio record will sound poor and muddy if the bias is off.

With different tape decks, we have various tape bias diagrams. So, based on your decks, try to locate a biased guide if your board has a button for it.

You do not change the bias, which shouldn’t be for Type I cassettes. These are “high bias” tapes for Type II cassettes, and you should adjust them accordingly.

The bias for Type IV needs to be set to “strong bias” and modified from there.

Reducing The Noise

The usage of Dolby Noise Reduction (NR) is an essential aspect of the recording. Noise cancellation lessens ambient noise, as well as the magnetic tape hiss.

Industrial recordings use noise reduction of Dolby type B. The switch for Noise Reduction on recent decks will allow users to select among type B or type C.

Type B is the only version available on earlier decks that only mention “Dolby Noise Reduction.”

Exceptionally few high-end boards include Dolby S NR, the most incredible sound quality available, which is also currently limited.

I think Dolby C sounds the smoothest when recording and would advise using it. Before beginning your tape recording, set the required level of noise reduction.


The most crucial step is to record. Before recording on a tape, check if the write-protect tabs are active or covered holes. Only then can you begin. Take three types of cassettes as an example.

Sometimes, type I comes with the tabs pressed in, while other times with the holes covered over, and type II usually with the tabs visible.

Make sure you plug the recording device into the cassette recorder before turning on the receiver and tape deck. You should choose the desired track you wish to record on the cassette recorder if you have the opportunity to do so.

I have set up the analog ports for the CD section, where I plug in my iPod. Play your song after pressing the record knob while inserting a tape.

Don’t hit the deck’s play button. If possible, alter the tape deck’s volume to get the optimum sound quality. Refresh your music and hang it back once the volume, bias, and noise reduction are all correct.

You should hit the record knob and tap the play button to begin the tape, provided the recording light isn’t active. Play your song after a little delay when the tape transitions to the magnetic segment.

Listen to what you are recording until the tape hits the finish without pressing other buttons on your cassette or receiver. Flip the cassette over and continue recording on side two after side one has come to an end.


Flip your cassette over and start playing it from the outset while connecting your receiver to your cassette recorder. You should hear the music on the cassette!

With a cassette recorder or a portable player like a Walkman, you may listen to your cassette in high definition or while moving from one place to another. But on mobile devices, there usually isn’t automated tape detection.

So look for a switch to configure it to the appropriate tape type. Your tape is complete if you do all of the recordings appropriately.

Your cassette is ready once you’ve printed some little cover art to go on the case, listed the tracks, applied labels on two sides of the tape, and inserted the write-protect tabs.

Cassettes can also record from CDs, iPods, and more. They have better sound quality than records and CDs, and it’s convenient to play when moving without worrying about skipping or damage.

Useful tips

In this part, there will be some necessary things that you should carefully read. These reminders will assist you somehow in recording on cassette tape.

Background noise from the preceding track frequently remains audible while recording over tape recorders. Before re-recording a single track, some people cover “blank” notes over the cassette recorder to assure a higher-quality sound.

It should be hard to hear and recognize the sounds if it is your initial time recording over a tape deck. A cassette head demagnetizer (or a bulk tape eraser) is the best tool for removing ambient noise.

With the magnetic force on the tape deck removed by a demagnetizer, the new recording audio has a clearer sound quality without any leftover recordings from the prior tracks.

Here’s a fast video demonstration of how to transfer audio to a cassette tape.


How is audio recorded to a cassette tape?

The electricity goes via the microphone and guitar connections to the tape recorder, gently moving a plastic tape. The electrical signal generates a magnetic field in the recording head, allowing sound to be captured.

How can I record from cassette to iPhone?

Dock your iPhone (or iPod touch), insert a tape into the tray, and use the associated software to transfer the music to your iPhone digitally.

If you don’t have an iPhone or iPod touch, the gadget includes a USB connector that lets you transmit your recordings to your Mac or PC.

Do you have to rewind cassette tapes?

If the tape is rewound slowly, the cassette casing will automatically straighten it. You may use audiocassette tapes to record phone numbers and messages.

However, this is time-consuming since you must rewind the tape to get the information you want.

How many times can you record over a cassette?

Most people should anticipate receiving 6-10 reuse recordings on their VHS tape before they notice a substantial drop in audio and picture components.

When you think about it, there are many overwrites to fit onto one reasonable length of magnetic tape wrapped in molded plastic.

Final Thoughts

Although cassette tapes are inferior to digital data, they play an essential role in particular sectors.

When you want to carry music with you but don’t want to use a file or download format, recording a playlist on a cassette is an effective method to experiment with different media. I hope the seven steps revealed above on how to record on cassette tapes have given you some confidence to start recording your tape.

Also Read: How To Connect 4 Speakers To A 2 Channel Amp?

If you’ve spent many hours wearing headphones while enjoying your favorite music, you’ll notice dents in your head where the headset’s headband is located.

It is a normal thing that anyone can experience when wearing headphones for too long. So can headphones dent your head?

Keep reading to get the correct answer!

Can Headphones Dent Your Head?

The answer is No. Your head never gets a dent from using headphones. The dent you notice is temporary and occurs in your hair instead of your skull.

Wearing headphones won’t make a dent in your skull and change your head shape. You may feel the dent, but it could be for another reason.

The dent on your head could result from a pre-existing condition requiring immediate medical attention.

Yet, it is not hard to see why people have this misconception about headphones.

Many models come with an adjustment system that allows them to fit snugly on your head, including metal ones like the Calhuber Wired Gaming Headset.

In these instances, the headphones can cause your skin to sag slightly, which is only temporary. After a short while, your skin will return to its original shape when you are not wearing your headphones.

Our skulls are bones, meaning it has a tough texture. So wearing headphones, no matter how long and how tight, will not be able to dent your skull.

The same goes for people who have to wear glasses full-time. They will feel “dents” in their ears or the bridge of their nose. But these “dents” will disappear when they stop wearing glasses for a while.

However, if the dent persists, even if you do not wear the headphones for several days, it could be a sign of a medical condition. In this case, you need to see your doctor as soon as possible.

What Causes A Denture In Your Head?


It is common among many athletes or patients who have been in traffic accidents. Many people do not realize or take a long period to notice the dent on their head after a head injury.

Those injuries may be fractures in a skull that require urgent treatment. If left for long, broken skull fragments can damage the brain.

Congenital Cranial Clefting

This disease is common in fetuses and infants. All babies have very fibrous, flexible joints known as sutures.

These sutures divide babies’ bone plates of the brain to enable their brains to expand as they grow. Sutures close can lead to congenital cranial clefting.

It can cause severe brain and skull development problems and make the head dented and irregularly shaped.

Gorham’s Disease

It is also known as Phantom bone disease. It is an atypical skeletal condition.

Doctors diagnosed the disease when they discovered the indentation caused by a missing bone piece in the skull. It causes the body to replace the bone with soft spongy tissue.

Bone Cancer

This cancer can also be the cause of a dent in a skull. This disease happens when the cells grow atypically, uncontrolled, and disproportionately, leading to the destruction of the bone.

The disease is rare, but some types of bone cancer can eventually destroy bone tissue, leading to indentations and abnormalities in the skull.

Paget’s Disease of the Bone

This disease can cause the skull to be irregularly shaped or deformed. It is more typical in individuals over the age of fifty. It results from the body making new bones faster than usual to create weaker bones.

Can Your Headphones Change Ear Shape?

Fortunately, it is impossible. Wearing headphones, no matter how long and tight, won’t change the shape of your ears. At least there is no evidence that the ears can be deformed by wearing headphones.

When wearing headphones, although they will push your ears inward, this constant pressure is not enough to deform your ears forever. The reason is that your ears are fully developed, allowing their structure to no longer change.

Adult ears are developed enough to maintain their shape. Therefore, the pressure and friction generated by the headphones do not affect them.

After wearing the headphones, your ears will usually return to their original shape after a few hours.

But if you use the headphones all the time, your ears won’t have enough time to return to their original shape, making you think their form has changed.

What Should You Do if Your Headphones Are Too Tight?

If your headphones are the main culprit of your head discomfort, try these tips to improve the situation.

Wear Headphones at the Back Instead of the Top

All you need to do is put your headphones’ earpads comfortably on your ears before putting their headband behind your head.

As a result, you can remove pressure from the top of your head, allowing you to avoid headphone hair and headphone dent.

You will also get the comfort you need for extended listening sessions.

Wear a Beanie or Cap Under Headphones

You can also wear a beanie or cap before wearing headphones to improve comfort. These items can act as additional padding, helping to distribute pressure evenly throughout your head when wearing the headphones.

Clamping Force

The clamping force of headphones will ensure that they won’t fall off your head while wearing them. Too weak or strong clamping force is uncomfortable for you.

Too much clamping force will put too much pressure on your head, leading to headphone hair and dents. However, too weak clamping force will make the headphones unstable on your head, making them loose and easily fall out.

So the key is to tighten loose headphones and loosen tight ones.

Add Extra Padding

Headphones with quality headband padding can make you feel more comfortable. The large padding reduces clamping force and pressure exerted by your headphones by distributing the weight of your headphones more evenly.

It relieves pressure on your head and reduces the likelihood of headphone dents appearing. You can buy replacement pads or make your own if you need to replace the earpads. DIY paddings are ideal for those who want quality.


Can Wearing Headphones Cause Hair Loss?

Headphones may cause hair loss when used excessively.

Due to the headphones’ strap pressing against the hair and scalp, a form of hair loss known as traction alopecia may occur.

Do Headphone Dents Go Away?

The headphone dents will usually go away within a few minutes.

However, if you wear the headphones for a long time, the dents may take longer to disappear but won’t last more than an hour or two.

The Bottom Line

Can headphones dent your head? Wearing headphones won’t dent or deform your head. Instead, they create temporary dents that quickly disappear.

You can also limit headphone dent with the tips we have shared. As a result, you will get maximum comfort even if you wear your headphones for a long time.

When replacing speakers, you want to ensure that the new speaker is the correct size and will fit like the old one.

Most speakers come with dimensions. So you can simply rely on those dimensions to buy a new one. However, if this information is missing, it is essential to measure your existing speaker before replacing them.

So how to measure speaker size? Let’s explore!

How to measure speaker size?

A detailed guide on how to measure your speaker size?

Take apart the Casing.

Having your speakers broken can be frustrating, especially if they don’t enable you to access them from the back panel or the front grille.

Step 1: Observe the back panel to identify slots.

Step 2: Insert two screwdrivers (flat-head type) simultaneously, then apply pressure.

Step 3: You will need to take care to avoid causing damage to the speaker cabinet or grille.

Step 4: Do not touch the foam seal intact since it makes one tight enclosure to prevent vibrations.

Remember the number of wires and screws before placing them somewhere easy to remember and safe because you will need them later.

Also, don’t forget to disconnect your speakers from the power source before gathering the necessary tools to measure your speaker size.

Measure the Diameter of your  Speaker

You will need to determine your speaker’s diameter by measuring your speaker frame’s total length.

Finding its center is needed to measure the exact size of your speaker. You can do it by identifying where the horizontal, diagonal, and vertical lines intersect.

Step 1: Select one hole to start and end on the opposite one.

Step 2: Go to the hole at the diagonal end.

Step 3: If you have an oval-shaped speaker, taking some measurements for the narrow and wide sides is necessary.

Step 4: Whatever shape of speaker you have, you need to measure every aspect accurately.

Step 5: Remember those measurements, and it’s best to note them in your notebook.

While determining your speaker’s diameter, the tape should run through its center when you fix it from both ends.

Check out the Cutout Diameter

For the replacement to go smoothly, you need to ensure the cutout diameter is equal to the hole’s diameter in your casing.

Speakers come in various shapes and sizes. When looking for one to replace your old speaker, you must take measurements to ensure the new one will fit.

Inappropriate speakers can protrude, leading to damage when impact occurs.

Step 1: Put your new speaker upside down.

Step 2: Measure the speaker’s diameter at its widest point.

Step 3: Taking all measurements is essential if you aim for a speaker that isn’t round.

Step 4: Ensure the size of your speaker matches the hole where you plan to install it.

Take Some Measurements of Mounting Height

Measuring the mounting height of the speaker refers to determining the total distance between the base and the top.

Speaker is available in many designs and shapes, so identifying the highest point must be done before taking measurements.

Step 1: Set your speaker so its wide part will face up again.

Step 2: Take measurements from your speaker’s bottom up to its top.

Step 3: You must ensure your speaker is shorter than the frame. Thanks to that, you can expect it to fit perfectly.

Step 4: The speaker should leave enough space so that it cannot touch the grills and panels.

If you want the sound quality you get as good as possible, we recommend measuring the mounting depth to give you enough space to install.

The speaker would extend beyond its mounting frame in most instances. But if it protrudes so much, it can be seriously damaged when bumping into things.

Therefore, your housing should leave adequate space to cover your speaker after installing it.

Identify the Mounting Hole’s Diameter

Make sure your new speaker and the mounting hole have the same shape. To do it, all you need to do is measure the hole’s diameter between opposite ends. Ideally, this diameter and the mounting frame of your speaker are the same.


How to Measure a Subwoofer Speaker?

Remember that there are four screws located around the speaker in most speakers and subwoofers. You will need to define the distance between two opposite screws, called the external or flat diameter.

How Much Does It Cost to Replace Car Speakers?

The cost of replacing your car speakers depends entirely on your chosen system.

How to Determine the Right Speaker Size for Your Car?

You can check your car’s manual to find the speaker size.

Alternatively, you can determine the proper speaker size for your car by applying the following tips:

  • Check out your car’s manual: Your car’s owner’s manual contains much important information regarding your vehicle, including speaker size information.
  • Check from the internet: If you own a popular car model, you can easily find information about the right speaker size for your car.
  • Consult a professional: You can also get professional help from someone with expertise in car audio installation.

The Bottom Line

We’ve walked you through simple steps to measure speaker size before finding and installing a new speaker.

Choosing the wrong size speaker can cause it to get damaged quickly. It may also force you to drill new holes to install your speakers.

Also Read: How To Connect 4 Speakers To A 2 Channel Amp?

“Clavichord vs. Harpsichord: What is the difference?” A lot of people who are new to musical instruments ask this question.

The clavichord is a keyboard instrument creating a soft sound when “tangents” (metal blades mounted to the keys’ inner ends) gently strike its strings.

Meanwhile, the harpsichord is an instrument that has a piano-like keyboard, producing sound by plucking its strings.

That’s not all! Keep reading for more details on the difference between the two.

Clavichord vs. Harpsichord: What Is the Difference?

How Easy Is It to Play?

The harpsichord.( Photo)

The harpsichord is quite similar to the piano. So if you have played the piano proficiently, it is easy to play the harpsichord.

Playing the clavichord tends to be a bit more challenging to play. If you need to play with this instrument, you must clearly understand the differences between unfretted and fretted and the different sounds produced by each one.

The fretted clavichord has unique sounds and is harder to play than a harpsichord.

Looks (Shape)

Harpsichords are the model for later pianos. So it’s no surprise that these instruments are more like pianos than clavichords.

Clavichords have strings and a keyboard, and their keys are non-movable. They tend to be smaller than harpsichords. Some variations are sitting on the table, while handheld ones are also popular.

Clavichords are more compact, and weigh about 40 pounds. Harpsichords are like horizontal harps laid flat on frames with raised lids.

Sound (Octaves)

The clavichord will give you a much softer, gentler sound than the harpsichord.

As the harpsichord produces sound mechanically, some people believe that this instrument sounds less intimate and more formal than the piano and either the clavichord.

When you mechanically pluck your harpsichord and then mute it, the sound you get is less like the piano while more rigid and formal than the clavichord.

Some harpsichords have a buff stop (buff leather), or something similar, making contact with strings muting their sound, and making them sound quite similar to the plucked lute.

In addition, many people also prefer the harpsichord thanks to the harmonic sound, which is one of its essential characteristics.

Harpsichords use techniques such as articulation that connects and divides the sounds, and agogic, which will add variety to the sound by intermittently and gently playing fast before slow.

Regarding octaves, the clavichord’s usual compass fluctuates between 3 1/2 and 5 octaves. It is four octaves for several smaller harpsichords and five octaves for some larger ones.

Clavichords feature fretted, which refers to shared strings for adjacent keys. Clavichords’ independent strings are known unfretted.

By touching the keys of a clavichord, the sounds you get can be one of the following: Crescendo, forte,  piano, or diminuendo.

When placing pressure on the clavichord’s keys with one’s finger, this instrument can produce vibrato sounds. Like pianos, harpsichords are upright and have a keyboard and horizontally placed strings.

You will find that you cannot play a few musical pieces on fretted clavichords since you cannot perform the sequence as written.


Clavichord is smaller and more compact. So you can move it more easily and quickly than the harpsichord.

Clavichord vs. Harpsichord: Which One Is More Popular?

We need to trace the history of each instrument to answer this question.

The development of the piano in the 19th century gradually replaced the role of the harpsichord, rendering it temporarily obsolete.

Then, towards the end of the 20th century, the instrument returned, although it can never be considered to have disappeared from the opera.

Today, many composers are constantly writing new pieces specifically for the harpsichord, fueling the development of this instrument.

The soft-sounding of clavichords seems to have disappeared in the 1800s in favor of piano and electronic amplifiers. After that, clavichords were still used scattered around the world.

Clavichords were once one of the prevalent musical instruments during the Baroque period in Western Europe until they disappeared in the late 1600s.

Comparison Table

Ease of PlayingClavichord is more complicated to play as it comes in two types: Unfretted and fretted.Harpsichord is easier to play, especially for those familiar with the piano.
SoundSofter, gentler sound than the harpsichord.Sounds less intimate and more formal than the clavichord.
MobilityClavichord is more compact, allowing you to move more easily.Bulky than clavichord


How Does A Clavichord Make Sound?

Clavichords produce sound by striking iron or brass strings with tangents ( small metal blades). Vibrations then are sent through the bridges to the soundboard.

What Type of Instrument Is a Clavichord?

Clavichords are stringed keyboard musical instruments developed from medieval monochords.

Is a Harpsichord the Same as a Piano?

A harpsichord and a piano may look similar in shape, but the harpsichord and piano are very different beasts.

How Much Does It Cost to Buy a Harpsichord?

Many harpsichords are available at prices from $14,000 to $18,000, and clavichords from $3,000. However, these instruments can cost more depending on finish and features.

Wrapping It Up

By now, you should know the main difference between the clavichord and the harpsichord. Both of these instruments are fun and worth a try. So try these instruments as soon as you can to check them for yourself.

The bugle and the trumpet often appear together in group competitions and rustic celebrations. These instruments have long histories that are complex.

Chances are you already know or have heard of these instruments. But, if someone asks you: ‘what is the difference between Trumpet vs. Bugle?’

Figuring out the difference between the two can be tricky for some people. Therefore, we have come out with this post to help you. Let’s read on!

The Bugle Overview

The bugle is a wind instrument built from metal. It is smaller than the trumpet, featuring an oval and straight tube.

This instrument consists of one mouthpiece with a cone at its end. It belongs to the brass-wind family, which is common in the military field.

It produces sounds by the vibration of your lips on its mouthpiece when playing.

The Trumpet Overview


The trumpet was born a long time ago. People used musical instruments made of animal horns or reeds to communicate in ancient times.

Humans discovered metal, providing the suitable materials to make trumpets like today. In addition, it gives a better sound, although it retains the horn shape.

Trumpets are available in many sizes and types, such as small pocket trumpets like the EastRock Pocket Trumpet.

Trumpet vs. Bugle: Similarities

Bugles and trumpets belong to the same family. These instruments are very popular with brass musical bands and play an important role in military bands.

These instruments are even considered a must-have for group competitions and rustic celebrations.

The mechanism that produces the sound of these instruments is also the same. You need to blow air through a mouthpiece.

But blowing these instruments doesn’t make sounds. Instead, the whole process of making the sound will occur in your body,

Your lips actually produce sounds by vibrating them. This vibration results in a specific tone. So knowing the technique to play these instruments is essential.

Also Read: Trumpet vs. Saxophone: What Are the Similarities and Differences?

Trumpet vs. Bugle:  Differences


The trumpet belongs to the brass family and is the sharpest and smallest member. It features a cylindrical tube with one tiny section, which progressively widens until it hits the end.

This instrument has three valves and pistons, which will connect the additional pumps to the main tube when activated, leading to widening the tones’ range.

Its pistons will deliver many more tones and versatility than the bugle that does not have pistons.


Several bugle kinds are available, but the standard models are the long bugles in C and the short bugles in C. You can easily find them in bands and orchestras.

These bugles differ in only one point: the short bugle comes with the tube wound in two turns, while the long one only features one turn.

Short bugles have also been added to one mechanism, letting the air vary its path. As a result, it can double the number of notes it can produce.

Traditionally, bugles offer a limited series of notes. A regular bugle typically offers users eight notes to play.

Nowadays, because of musicians’ impressive progress several decades ago, it is feasible to take the Bugle instrument to unthinkable heights.

Nowadays, you can get more than two octaves with this instrument. Thanks to that, you can play all the scale notes in your bugle’s high register.

These instruments are also closer to the flugelhorn family. Its sounds are sharp and dark. Bugles have darker and sweeter sounds because of their conical tubes, unlike trumpets’ bright sound with the cylindrical tube.

Trumpet vs. Bugle: Which Is More Suitable for You?


Trumpet vs. Bugle

The bugle is considered easier to learn than most other brass instruments, making it ideal for starting your musical career.

It is the perfect choice for beginners who are just starting in the brass instrument world. It typically does not have pistons, and the technique you need is with your mouth.

This instrument is also affordable. You can get a high-quality model like the Almencla Trumpet for less than $30.


The trumpet is essential to the symphony orchestra and many groups of any musical style.

It may be present in any popular music. Moreover, you can easily see it in armies worldwide and professional music bands in the city.

Blues and jazz also took advantage of trumpets throughout the years.

Comparison Table

RolesPopular with brass musical bands and play an important role in military bands.
TypeThe brass instrument,  Wind instrument.
SoundMore versatility and more tones.Dark and sharp


It’s kind of fun for us to show you the differences between Trumpet vs. Bugle and why these instruments act the way they do.

Also Read: English Horn vs. French Horn

The English and French horns are aerophones typically present in symphony orchestras. However, they are two different instruments.

The French and English horns do not belong to the same family and should not be confused with each other.

Today, we’ll help you better understand these two interesting instruments by comparing English Horn vs. French Horn.

English Horn Overview

This instrument is a woodwind instrument that is plaintive and somber expressive. This straight instrument has many holes running down the open-ended duct.

Despite the name being the “English Horn,” these instruments are not of England origin. Instead, it comes from Germany, where people call it the “Angelic Horn.” It sounds like the “English Horn,” which is why it’s called that.

French Horn Overview

The instrument is bold, mellow, and powerful, but it is not French. It is developed from the earlier short and straight hunting horns. The name “French horn” was first used in the late 17th century.

The French Horn is a brass instrument of tubing wrapped into a coil with a flared bell.

This instrument frequently appears in professional orchestras and bands. A musician who plays this horn is known as a horn player or hornist.

The tubing of the modern French horn is about 12 to 13 ft (3.7 to 4m) long. The horn player will blow into its mouthpiece while buzzing his lips together to sound a note.

English Horn vs. French Horn: Which Are Differences?

The English and the French horns are significantly different instruments.

For example, French horns are conical brass instruments that have mellow-sounding and more range than English horns.

If you play the French horn, it is essential to buzz lips in its mouthpiece, which is cup-shaped, to produce sound. You can play specific notes or change pitch thanks to its rotary mechanisms.

On the flip side, English horns are straight woodwind instruments. There are a few holes along their tube that close and open with specific mechanisms to modify pitch. They have woody, somber sounds.

English Horn vs. French Horn: Similarities

English Horn

The English horn is not in the same family as the French horn. So it’s not surprising that they don’t have much in common.

The only thing in common between these two instruments is that they are aerophones (wind instruments), which refer to instruments vibrating air columns inside their tubes to produce sound.

Which Is More Straightforward To Play?

For a beginner, playing any musical instrument can be a daunting task. However, some are easier to begin with than others.

When comparing the French and English horns, the former option is considered more complicated to play as the notes of this instrument are closer together.

As a result, the French horn will ask you to train your ears and to be patient. You also need long practice to figure out how to combat the cracked notes issue.

The French horn’s tubing takes one instrument to trap saliva, and it will cost you time to take this apart for cleaning.

Finally, the English and French horns are both critical to bands and orchestras. So you should learn both if possible.

These instruments are costly. For example, the ROFFEE English horn costs more than $11,000, or the Yamaha YHR567 French horn costs close to $3,400.

Therefore, you should consider them before investing.

Comparison Table

 English HornFrench Horn
Type of InstrumentAerophones (wind instruments)
LooksA straight woodwind instrument.A conical mellow-sounding brass instrument.
ApplicationPopular in professional orchestras and bands.
Sound Woody and somber.Mellow.

Also Read: Trumpet vs. Saxophone: What Are the Similarities and Differences?


Is English Horn in the Same Key as Oboe?

Yes. These musical instruments both feature the same keys and fingerings, and typically, a musician that can play one can play the other.

Does the English Horn Belong to the Brass Family?

Yes. This instrument belongs to the brass family.

Is French Horn Difficult to Learn?

Some people refer to the French horn as one of the hardest instruments to play due to its difficulty level.

In The Nutshell

The English and French horns do not have much in common, although they are prevalent in symphony orchestras.

French horns are powerful, bold mellow sounding instruments. These conical instruments have cup-shaped mouthpieces.

On the flip side, English horns are straight woodwind instruments with bulbous bell ends and have woody melancholy sounds.

Also Read: Trumpet vs. Saxophone: What Are the Similarities and Differences?

Both harpsichord and piano are string instruments and are prevalent in opera. Although they may quite look similar, they are two very different instruments.

The primary difference between the two is in the use of strings. Specifically, the harpsichord strings are plucked while hammers strike the piano strings.

In addition, there are still many differences between piano vs. harpsichord.

Piano vs. Harpsichord: What Is the Difference?


Age Difference

The harpsichord is believed to have existed since about 1400, and its heyday lasted from its birth until 1800. At this time, it was prevalent in Western Europe.

In the late 1700s, the piano was born in Italy and quickly became popular. It was also responsible for the demise of the harpsichord around the early 18th century.

So the harpsichord was born about four centuries before the piano.


Harpsichords are wing-shaped and look similar to harps placed on a frame. They are also narrower than pianos.

The harpsichord tends to be lighter than the piano as the harpsichord’s inner core, and the case is typically lighter.

A harpsichord is about eight feet long, three feet wide, and weighs roughly 275 pounds.

The pianos come in three types: digital, grand, and pianos. The average weight of an upright piano is about 527 pounds, and it can be 30″ to 50″ tall.


The sound from a harpsichord and piano is also very different. Harpsichords are more harmonious and quieter than pianos.

In addition, it is easier to control the sound of harpsichords.

The harpsichord’s sound is more formal and rigid, while most pianos allow you to play various sounds.

It is not feasible to play decrescendo or crescendo on a harpsichord.

Octave Range

For normal harpsichords, the octave range from 4 to 6 octaves, while the octave range of a piano is roughly 7 octaves.


The keyboard also has a difference between these two instruments. Specifically, a harpsichord features two keyboards, and the piano comes with only one.

The piano features 88 keys or more, while one double keyboard harpsichord comes with 96 to 144 keys.

For harpsichords, you can find a soundboard that is located under their strings. This soundboard will vibrate and amplify the note played.

Pianos are packaged with similar sound amplification systems, but they will be the hammers that strike strings to produce sound.

Also Read: Clavichord vs. Harpsichord: What Is the Difference?


The pedal of pianos will create sounds when pressed. Meanwhile, harpsichords have no pedal, and their harmonious sounds are typically considered as essential as the sound effects of the pianos’ pedal.



The harpsichord has two string sets; its sound is delivered by plucking strings.

Some harpsichords have more than two string sets. Plus, some models feature two sets of eight-foot strings that may differ in sound depending on what kind of material is utilized to make the plectrum.

Tuning the strings on a harpsichord is more tedious and time-consuming than on a piano. Furthermore, strings of the harpsichord tend to be thinner and weaker and require you to tune before each gig.

You won’t need to tune piano strings often as these strings are more robust and harder.


Harpsichords’ keys are made from wood, while piano’s white keys are made of wood or ivory.

Also, the piano’s black keys are made of some kind of darker wood and ebony. The piano has 88 keys, including 52 white keys and 36 black ones.

How you strike the piano keys also significantly affects the sound. For example, if you strike these keys forcefully, the sound will become bold and loud.

By striking these keys softly, the sound you get is more delicate and lighter.

On the other hand, the force you put on harpsichord keys will not affect the sound.

Availability and Cost

The harpsichord is making a comeback after almost disappearing in the 19th century, and a harpsichord price ranges from $14,000 to $18,000.

Pianos are easier to find than harpsichords. The price of a high-end, well-built piano may range from $4,500 to $190,000.

You can even easily find a good digital model for under $1000, such as Casio PX-770.

Comparison Table

TypeThe piano is generally considered to be both a percussion and a string instrument.Harpsichord is a string instrument.
Origin periodAround the 14th centuryAround the 17th century
SoundAllow you to play various sounds.Harmonious and quieter than pianos.
SizeBulkier.Lighter and narrower than pianos.
Price$4,500 to $190,000 for a high-end model.Ranges from $14,000 to $18,000.


Which One Is Easier to Play?

The harpsichord comes with two sets of strings and two keyboards. So many people think this instrument is harder to play.

But it could be false. When playing the harpsichord, your sounds won’t change by how soft or hard you strike the keys.

Are They the Same?

Although the harpsichord is the forerunner of the piano, the two instruments are not the same. The variety of sounds you can produce on harpsichord and piano is a big difference.

Although the mechanics of a harpsichord and a piano are similar in some respects, the hammers on the pianos are effective in striking their strings and producing a louder sound.

The mechanism of harpsichords is gently plucking the string producing the sound softer,  lighter, and more delicate.

Which One Is More Popular?

Pianos are more popular, although the harpsichord has also returned. Pianos are famous in concert halls, schools, private homes, and churches.


We’ve just walked you through the key differences between piano vs. harpsichord. Pianos are popular, and harpsichords also show signs of coming back. Although the harpsichord is a model of the piano, they are not nearly the same.

Also Read: Clavichord vs. Harpsichord: What Is the Difference?

The trumpet and the saxophone are both popular instruments in the band. You’ve probably heard of them but maybe never thought about the similarities and differences between the two.

There are many similarities and differences between a trumpet and a saxophone. Both are “aerophones” (wind instruments) and are often found in jazz and bands.

There are many similarities and differences between these two instruments. So let’s compare trumpet vs. saxophone to see more!

Compare Trumpet vs. Saxophone




The bodies of these instruments are commonly made from brass. There are some variations in some cases, but it is the basis for the two.

These instruments sometimes feature nickel or silver plating accents, and their common lacquer colors are gold, silver, or yellow. However, sometimes you will also come across an utterly black trumpet like the Tromba Pro Professional C.


In many cases, people use saxophone and trumpet in the same places. They frequently appear together in some kinds of instrumental ensembles, such as:

  • Marching band
  • Concert band
  • Jazz music
  • Small ensembles
  • Orchestral music
  • Popular music

Type of Instrument

Trumpet and saxophone both belong to the same type of instrument.

It is aerophones (wind instruments). This type refers to any instrument that utilizes air to produce its sound.



The trumpet is one of the oldest wind instruments. It has existed in various forms for thousands of years. It is generally assumed that the trumpet appeared in the 1400s and became popular in the 1600s.

The saxophone is considered one of the youngest of the major band instruments.

In the 1840s, Adolphe Sax developed this instrument. He originally designed fourteen of them based on seven main types:

  • Soprano Sax
  • Sopranino Sax
  • Tenor Sax
  • Alto Sax
  • Bass Sax
  • Baritone Saxophone
  • Contrabass Sax


These two instruments don’t look the same.

  • Trumpet

The trumpet tends to be smaller and longer. It typically has a metal mouthpiece that is one tiny cup shape.

This mouthpiece should fit into the trumpet’s receiver. From this part, the trumpet’s tube wraps in one oblong oval, flaring into a unique bell shape.

The trumpet comes with some small slides which allow you to adjust the pitches of the valves or overall trumpet.

Three valves (buttons) let you add length to your trumpet’s tubing when pressing. They also help change the note.

  • Saxophone

A sax features a mouthpiece with a reed (typically wooden) on it.

This mouthpiece will go on the neck’s cork, which is a crooked shape. Then it will insert into the saxophone’s body.

Except for soprano sax, such as the SKY Bb Curved Soprano Saxophone, the saxophone body is one straight tube, with an elbow on its end, putting the bell back up and forward.

Size And Range

  • Trumpet

The trumpet comes with  1.48 m (4 ft 10 in) of potential tubing (when pressing all valves) and features a sounding pitch range of E3-Bb6.

  • Saxophone

The alto sax features 1.2 m (3.9 ft) of tubing and a sounding pitch range of Db3-Ab5.

Also Read: Piano vs. Harpsichord: Do You Know These Differences?

How to Make Sound

  • Trumpet

The trumpet player will use his lips to buzz (imagine imitating the sound of a fly with lips). The vibration of the air then comes from his lips.

  • Saxophone

The sax player will blow into the saxophone’s mouthpiece and over a reed which is mounted to the mouthpiece with a ligature. This reed will vibrate and cause the air to vibrate, leading to the air column inside his saxophone vibrating.

In short, the trumpet makes its sound by buzzing its lips, and the saxophone blows over a wooden reed which produces the sound of the sax.


Both instruments feature a rich and powerful sound. But we think the sound of the saxophone is rich, full, deep, and strong.

Meanwhile, the sound of the trumpet is mellow, dark, round, and soaring.

Trumpet vs. Saxophone: Comparison Table

Instrument FamilyAerophones (wind instruments)
Voice (Range)SopranoAlto
Sound creationBuzz lips into the mouthpieceVibrate reed on the mouthpiece
Number of KeysJazz, Orchestra,  Band, Brass Quintets,  Brass Bands.Jazz, Band, Popular music, Saxophone quartets.
Average Cost$3,000$5,000
Length Of Tubing1.48 m (4 ft 10 in)1.2 m (3.9 ft)
When was it invented?1400s1840s
MaterialCommonly brass with lacquer protection      

Trumpet vs. Saxophone: Which One Should I Play?

You should play an instrument that interests you, whether it’s the saxophone or the trumpet.

These instruments are all fairly easy to get started with for beginners and will get more complex in different ways.

The trumpet will take more muscular development, while the saxophone will end up with modern techniques and trickier advances.


You have reached the bottom of our article. Hopefully, it has given you an in-depth look at these two exciting instruments.

Many suppose they can connect only one to two speakers to a 2-channel amplifier, but that’s not the case.

This guide will reveal some straightforward yet practical tips on how to connect 4 speakers to a 2 channel amp.

Whether you have multiple speakers and don’t know what to do with them or just looking to supplement your home system with some DJ speakers, we’ve got your back!

How To Connect 4 Speakers To A 2 Channel Amp?

You can use three methods to wire your speakers and amplifier together:

  • In series
  • In parallel
  • Use a speaker selector switch

Which method to opt for depends on your amp and loudspeakers, particularly their limits and impedance levels.

Series Configuration

how to connect 4 speakers to a 2 channel amp
If you do it correctly, the series configuration will work. (Photo)

It is commonly not advisable to wire multiple speakers to an amp in series.

However, we’ve tried and realized that all four loudspeakers and the amplifier connected in series performed relatively well and produced quite a fresh sound.

So, follow these steps to wire your devices in the series configuration:

  • Identify the negative and positive terminals from the amplifier by checking both wires’ dog tails which may have negative and positive markings on them.
  • After that, pair the amp’s positive terminal to the first loudspeaker’s positive terminal in a series configuration.
  • Then, connect the first loudspeaker’s negative terminal to the second one’s negative terminal using another wire.
  • Keep doing so until you finish all the connections. After that, connect the two-channel amplifier’s negative terminal to the last loudspeaker’s negative terminal in a series configuration using an isolated wire.
  • Close the series.

This method is elementary for beginners since you just need to connect two terminals in several rounds manually.

Parallel Configuration

Connecting in parallel is the most broadly used technique since many say it can yield the best audio results. In our experience, it’s true if you do it correctly.

You first need to ensure your amplifier is of high quality, or else sound degradation and distortion will occur quickly. Then, do as follows to perform the connection:

  • Start by wiring the negative and positive terminals of the amp’s left channel to the left loudspeakers’ positive terminals.
  • Likewise, wire the first loudspeaker to the second one by pairing the positive terminal to the positive one and the negative to the negative.
  • Conduct the same process for the next couple of loudspeakers. Remember to pair only the terminals on your amplifier’s right side.

If you’re still confused about the difference between parallel and series configurations, watch this video:

Use A Speaker Selector Switch

Selection switches work effectively with multi-room audio devices. (Photo)

You can utilize a speaker selector switch to protect your amp from overload instead of performing a connection. This device can also distribute sound to multiple speakers evenly.

So, stick to these straightforward instructions to do the job:

  • Follow your two-channel amplifier diagram. Navigate your switch, loudspeakers, and amp’s positive ends.
  • Pair the amp’s positive end with the selector switch’s positive end.
  • After that, pair the switch’s negative end with the amp’s negative one.
  • Next, pair your loudspeakers to the selector switch each by each. Ensure to pair positive ends together; the same goes for negative ones.
  • Once finished, you can enjoy the fresh sound your four speakers deliver to you.

A minor note is that this technique applies best to installing multi-room loudspeakers in your theater system. We don’t recommend using a selector switch for a commercial system that goes beyond 100 watts.

Bonus Tips On Connecting 4 Speakers To A 2 Channel Amplifier

Since a system of four loudspeakers and a two-channel amp is not always the first choice, it may pose some risks you should be mindful of.

The below tips will, in part, help you deter some hazards from occurring:

  • Avoid overloading your amplifier. You’ll risk destroying it if you force it to work too much.
  • Check your audio equipment’s impedance level before running the connection to guarantee a 100% compatible setup.
  • Avoid pushing your amplifier to its limit since this may cause distortion and make your device struggle to process and reproduce bass.
  • Don’t forget to check the manufacturer’s manuals and follow all the safety standards and precautions.

It’s not worth sacrificing your expensive audio system because of silly mistakes, right? If you’re uncertain about anything with your equipment, don’t try to do it before asking a professional. It’s just that simple.

Bottom Line

In closing, the more speakers, the more volume and the greater your music enjoyment. Still, remember that your equipment may overload if you don’t run the connection correctly.

The three techniques above can yield fresh, excellent sound, yet not every method will apply to every audio setup.

So, check the manufacturer’s instructions to know what power ratings are suitable for your devices.

A prevailing wind instrument in the 1920s was the trumpet. In addition to jazz, people often employ it in symphony groups.

But, how much does a trumpet cost? For professional instruments, prices may easily reach $10,000, but they can also be as little as $200.

Today’s manufacturers of brass and wind instruments are active in the market.

The distinction between the premium trumpets and the entry-level trumpets has been reduced.

This post will go through the factors influencing a trumpet’s total cost.

Let’s get going!

How Much Does A Trumpet Cost?

How much do you have to pay for a trumpet (Photo)
  • Beginner trumpets typically cost between $400 and $1,200.
  • Intermediate or step-up trumpets cost between $1,200 and $2,300,
  • Professional trumpets, which are still used by advanced students, cost between $2,400 and more.

The trumpets are well-liked wind instruments, notably in the 1920s. Louis Armstrong used this instrument to demonstrate its majesty and elegance during the era of jazz.

Besides jazz, people also frequently use them in symphony and wind bands. Brass and wind instruments were costly in the initial days of the jazz age. Extremely pricey high-end ones are available.

However, today’s manufacturers of brass and wind instruments are active in the market. They have reduced the distinction between the premium trumpets and the entry-level ones.

Because of this trend, beginners can now buy and check out the trumpet.

Cost of Different Types Of Trumpets

Different types of trumpets will have different prices. Take a look at some of the more popular ones below.

Marching Band Trumpet

There are trumpets designed for the genre in addition to the Bb trumpet. Using a marching band trumpet as an instance would be excellent.

The manufacturer made a specifically strengthened durability into a Marching Bb Trumpet. It is more durable and can handle long practice sessions, rough terrain, and marching band concerts than the regular trumpet.

It will be worth considering this Marching Band Trumpet if you plan on attending marching band performances. They have many similar quality aspects as the intermediate kind.

The high grade of the materials utilized accounts for the significant variation. About $1,500 and more is the price range for marching band trumpets.

Higher Pitched Trumpets

Nowadays, finding C trumpets is not that difficult. The tuning is one whole note higher than the Bb model. It has a place in the ensemble and performs admirably with the Bb trumpet.

This sort of trumpet’s entry-level model could cost twice as much as its Bb equivalents. There are a few additional notes above C and trumpets with higher pitches. E and D/Eb trumpets, excellent lead instruments in the orchestra, are simple to find.

Before scaling up the more complex models for novices, you may want to develop a better working knowledge of the Bb.

These types are rare, costing anywhere between $500 and $5,000. Because they are professional instruments and uphold their quality, they are not inexpensive.

Why Do Trumpets Cost So Much?

Why is a trumpet expensive

You should be ready to pay money if you wish to play the tuba, trumpet, or anything in between.

As you may know, the trumpet is a kind of brass instrument. Although some brass instruments are reasonably priced, others aren’t precisely cheap.

It’s a positive factor that a superb brass instrument doesn’t cost a lot of money.

Due to the numerous metal components, expertise, and testing needed to ensure their excellent quality, trumpets are costly. A trumpet’s price could rise to $1,500 due to its brand name’s fame.

How Much Does An Old Trumpet Cost?

In addition to the brand, more elements undoubtedly affect the price when purchasing a second-hand trumpet than when buying a brand-new one.

For example, you should care about how old it is, what type it is, how the owner takes care of it, and if it is in good shape.

In detail, the prices for a used trumpet will be different among the player types.

The seller can set the price from $1100 to $1600 for professional players. It is cheaper than the new one.

It is more inexpensive for intermediate or beginning players because the price oscillates between $500 and $650.

What Is A Good Brand Of Trumpet To Buy?

On the market for trumpets, I am sure there will be thousands of different types.

The significant one is the Yamaha trumpets. It is also called the most expensive trumpet in the world because people use solid platinum to make it.

Since platinum is more expensive than gold, brass, or silver, the Yamaha trumpet was much more pricey. None of the platinum oxidizes. It won’t lose its shine if you don’t polish it.

Another advantage of owning one is that platinum trumpets are lighter than silver or brass trumpets.

The only disadvantage of this brand is that the $125,000 Yamaha trumpet has a similar sound to a trumpet that is less than $5000.

The following video will reveal the best 5 Trumpets for beginners.


Getting advice when choosing the ideal instrument for your musical requirements is advisable from a music educator or reputable music shop.

If you could have a professional musician with you when you purchase your first instrument, that would be fantastic.

I have addressed the question “how much does a trumpet cost?” in this post, which I hope you find useful.